In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Ever Merciful.

The teachings of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community are that we should firmly adhere to the truth under all circumstances. However, other muslims, sunnis as well as shi’ites, teach an allowance for lies and dishonesty in some circumstances. What does Islam actually teach in this regard?

Qur’an:

O ye who believe! fear Allaah, and say the straightforward word. He will set right your actions for you and forgive you your sins. And whoso obeys Allaah and His Messenger, shall surely attain a mighty success. [Q. 33:70,71]

“O you who believe! Fear Allaah and be among those who are truthful.” [Q. 9:119]

“The patient, and the truthful, and the obedient, and those who spend [in the way of Allaah], and those who seek forgiveness in the latter part of the night.” [Q. 3:17]

And do not conceal testimony, for whoever conceals it – his heart is indeed sinful….” [Q. 2:283]

“And do not mix the truth with falsehood, nor conceal the truth knowingly.” [Q. 2:42]

“…Indeed Allaah does not guide one who is a transgressor and a (great) liar.” [Q. 40:28]

“…Indeed, Allaah does not guide one who is an ungrateful liar.” [Q. 39:3]

“…The curse of Allaah be upon him if he should be among the liars.” [Q. 24:7]

“And if he (i.e. Muhammad s.a.) had forged (and attributed) any sayings to Us, We would surely have seized him by the right hand; and then surely, We would have severed his life-artery.” [Q. 69:44-46]

“If any one disputes in this matter with you, now after (full) knowledge Has come to you, say: “Come! let us gather together, our sons and your sons, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves: Then let us earnestly pray, and invoke the curse of God on those who lie!” [Q. 3:61]

“No idle talk shall they hear therein (i.e. in Heaven), nor lying.” (Q. 78:35)

“In their (i.e. the hypocrites) hearts is disease, so Allaah has increased their disease; and for them is a painful punishment because they [habitually] used to lie.” [Q. 2:10]

“… Allaah knows that you are His Messenger, and Allaah testifies that the hypocrites are liars.” [Q. 63: 1]

Ahadith:

The Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) is reported to have said:

“Indeed, truth leads to virtue and virtue leads to Paradise, and a truthful person continues to speak the truth until he becomes the most truthful person. Lying lead to evil and evil leads to Hell, and a liar continues to lie until he is listed as a high ranking liar before Allaah.” [Al-Bukhaari]

Yusuf Ibn ‘Abdullaah r.a. said that he asked the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam):

“O Messenger of Allaah! What do you think is the most dreadful thing for me?” Yusuf r.a. continued: “The Messenger caught hold of his tongue and said: “This.” [At-Tirmidhi]

Bahz Ibn Hakeem r.a. related that the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Destruction is for the man who tells lies for the amusement of other people. Destruction is for him.” [At-Tirmidhi]

Sufyaan Ibn Usayd (may Allaah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “The biggest breach of trust is that you tell a thing to your brother who believes it to be true, whereas you have lied to him.” [Abu Dāwūd]

Abdullah ibn Amr r.a. reported: My mother called me one day while the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, was seated in our house. She said, “Come here and I will give you.” The Prophet said to her, “What do you want to give him?” She said, “I will give him a date.” The Prophet said, “If you had not given him anything, it would have been recorded against you as a lie.”

[Abu Dāwūd 4991]

Writings of the Promised Messiah (as):

“It is not necessary for me to admonish you not to commit murder for no one except a wholly wicked person advances towards murder. But I do admonish you that you should not insist upon injustice and thus slay the truth. Accept the truth even if it should proceed from a child. If you find your opponent uttering the truth, then immediately give up your dry logic. Adhere to the truth and bear true witness. God the Glorious, says:

فَاجۡتَنِبُوا الرِّجۡسَ مِنَ الۡاَوۡثَانِ وَ اجۡتَنِبُوۡا قَوۡلَ الزُّوۡرِ

i.e. “… Shun the abomination of idols and shun all words of falsehood.” [Al-Hajj, 22:30]

because falsehood is no less than an idol. That which turns you away from the Qiblah of truth is an idol in your path. Bear true witness even if it should be against your fathers or brothers or friends.”  [Izala-e-Auham, Ruhani Khaza’in, vol. 3, pp. 546-550, Essence of Islam Vol 4, p. 248, 249]